Method- The dog is always wrong- he is punished unless he can figure out on his own by trial and error what you want.
Effectiveness- Takes a long time and sometimes the dog doesn’t get it, depending on what the dog is expected to learn.
Stress Involved- Extremely high, to the point where the dog may give up trying altogether.
Method- The dog is always right- he is rewarded for every correct response but still has to learn on his own what is expected.
Effectiveness- Takes a considerable amount of patience and time.
Stress Involved- Can be high, depending on the dog.
Method- The dog knows immediately whether he is right or wrong.
Effectiveness- Very fast.
Stress Involved- Very little.